A HISTORY OF AMANUKE, 1922 – 2006
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page - - - - - - - - - i
Approval Page - - - - - - - - ii
Certification - - - - - - - - iii
Dedication - - - - - - - - - iv
Acknowledgments - - - - - - - v
Table of Contents - - - - - - - - vi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study - - - - - - - 1
Statement of Problem - - - - - - - 1
Purpose of the Study - - - - - - - 2
Significance of the Study - - - - - - 3
Scope of the Study - - - - - - - 4
Sources and Methodology of Study - - - - - 4
Literature Review - - - - - - - - 5
Endnotes - - - - - - - - - 7
CHAPTER TWO: AMANUKE AND ITS PEOPLE
Geographical Location of Amanuke - - - 8
Origin of the People - - - - - - - 9
Traditional and Political Organisations in Amanuke - - 11
Kingship Crises in Amanuke - - - - - - - 12
Traditional Organisation of the people - - - - 14
Socio-Cultural institutions of the People - - - - 21
Endnotes - - - - - - - - - 26
CHAPTER THREE: PRE-COLONIAL, COLONIAL AND POST-COLONIAL PERIODS IN AMANUKE
Amanuke in the Pre-Colonial Era - - - - - 27
Amanuke in the Colonial Era - - - - - - 33
Post Colonial Era in Amanuke - - - - - - 39
Endnotes - - - - - - - - - 43
CHAPTER FOUR: CHALLENGES FACING AMANUKE
Social Challenges - - - - - - - - 46
Political Challenges - - - - - - - 47
Economic Challenges - - - - - - - 48
Endnotes - - - - - - - - - 49
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND
Summary - - - - - - - - 50
Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 52
Endnotes - - - - - - - - - 53
Bibliography - - - - - - - - 54
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
This work traces the origin of Amanuke from the Ancient Nri Kingdom and her geographical location .
This historical study of Amanuke is therefore meant to assesses the traditional and political organization of the people together with their socio-cultural activities.
This study will also examine the life of the people in the pre-colonial era. The study also examine the contributions of the colonial powers on the people of Amanuke.
Finally, this work will assesses the present life of the people of Amanuke and the challenges facing them.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
This work on the history of Amanuke delves into an apparently virgin field; chronicles on Amanuke history have been preserved in different fragments but this work is the first attempt at the proper documentation of the history of the Amanuke people.
The importance of keeping and studying the historical records of the history of Amanuke has long been felt and it is therefore hoped that this work will fill the vacuum.
The need to look into the history of Amanuke was multivated by the fact of the common saying that a people without a history and vice versa”. So to this end there is the need to delve into the history of Amanuke people beginning from the earliest ancient period to the modern contemporary era.
The opportunity will help to examine the genealogical development of the people. This work will also outline the modes of settlement and what inspired it. The fragments that came from outside the original settlers.
Finally, this research will also enquire into the contributions of the various external influences in Amanuke.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
Historical facts about some towns in Igboland are gradually disappearing or, being altered due to some obvious reasons; first, some of the custodians of such historical facts did not deem it fit to transmit the information to their successors. Secondly, some who received the facts from their fathers and fore-fathers did not transmit it correctly due to bias and prejudice.
The work is aimed at encouraging its readers to discover more about the rich history and culture of the Amanuke people, and also to stimulate them to make greater effort in making available to the reading public unknown facts about the people around them.
Just as this work serves an important purpose to researchers, historians and teachers, cultural enthusiasts have much to gain from it as well. Natives of Amanuke will find a solid foundation for their origin and tradition.
Finally, this work will enable research students to find valuable data to start a more elaborate investigation, which will boost the realisation of the researcher’s objective in a big way.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Voltire on his own account said that history can be instructive that is to instruct us on what to do if we are to avoid previous mistakes in future or disaster of the present1. From his assertion, it is easy to note that history is a very good teacher. History exist to shape history this is because man as a conscious being can to a large extent determine the way certain things can be done in his immediate environment. This resultant effect of our act which is done consciously can actually be the determinant of what will follow suit. So in essence, our actions and inactions are the determinants of history based on Voltaire accounts.
This is all about studying the origin of my town Amanuke like were they came from, their main purpose of migration from their formal position in Aguleri and finally their new settlement.
The study shall also serve as a data base upon which future researcher or studies could be based. The origin and growth also the migration, the importance of tradition and how it relate to the Igbo culture and that of Umunri culture. The understanding of their socio-cultural activities such as New Yam Festival.
Their present settlement and how it has been favouring them both in socio-cultural, economic and political.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study is History of Amanuke. The time frame is from 1922, when the missionaries set foot in Amanuke soil, to 2006 when Amanuke attained the status of an autonomous community.
SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY OF STUDY
This study adopts the qualitative methods of presenting historical data. There are two main sources of information for this study, the primary and secondary sources; the primary sources of oral interviews conducted among elders of the town, as well as materials from the national Archive at Enugu, secondary sources were gotten from published books and articles.
The researcher reviewed relevant published and unpublished works stating the gaps that exist between the works and the subject of study.
J.E.O in his book, “History of Nri”,2 historically traces the origin of Amanuke he says that Anuke was the ground son of Eri,he was of the view that Eri begat Ogbodudu and ogbodudu begat Anuke the founder of Amanuke. corroborating this view by J.E.O, Anuke also bears the name Ogbodudu, ogbodudu was just title name given to “Anuke” because he possessed the capability of cleansing an abomination.
S.P.L Beaumont, traces the location of Amanuke without mentioning how they came to settle there. He says that after Achalla town that the next migrants in the area is Amanuke but how they came about he do not know3.There is also the strong belief among Umueri communities that many other tribes of Nigeria came from nowhere outside their homeland. The Umueri group of which Amanuke was among have strengthened this theory of autochthony and maintained that they emerged from nowhere other than the area of their present location. In supporting Beaumont assertion, Amanuke migrated to the present place he inhabit when the traditional ruler of Achalla known as Igwe Udemezue I called on Anauke to cleanse their land by appeasing the gods of their land. After the indoctrination Anuke founded and settled in Amanuke till date.
Barr. O.M Ugo, has narrated many similarities between the Umueri people of which Amanuke is one and the Israelite such similarities includes, attitude, outlook, disposition and general character4. His view goes a long way revealing connection Amanuke and Umueri in general has with the Israelites. But it is not only in character that similarities exist among Amanuke, Umueri and the Israelites. Similarities also exists in traditional beliefs, social structures. Based on traditional beliefs the Council of Chief’s is just like Moses and the 70 elders of Israel, and a Jewish Sanhedrin.
Furthermore, F.C. Idigo in his book, “Idigo dynasty of Aguleri” says that Amanuke is a brother to Aguleri who discovered his present location (Amanuke)5. While hunting. It is true that Anuke the founder of Amanuke was a great hunter but the fact is that it was not due to hunting that he discovered and settled in Amanuke, Anuke was seen as a potent who had powers to undo evil and cleanse the land from abominations and taboo. It was due to his power to cleanse the land from abominations and taboors that the then King of Achalla Igwe Udemezue I called on him to help appease the gods of their land. There Anuke founded Amanuke and settled their till date. It’s pertinent to point here that Achalla and Amanuke are very close to each other.
The lapses found in the aforementioned reviewed literature is what this work is set to trace, and properly document.
1. Voltaire, Evolution of Man, (London: Oxford University Press,1756),16.
2. J.E.O, History of Nri, (Ibadan: University Press,1988).73 74
3. N A E, OP 1115 Onprof 8/1/4736: Intelligent Report on the Umueri, Awka division by Mr, S.P.L Beaumont A.D.O (1911)
4. Ugo O.M The philosophy of the igbo people, (Enugu: Green publishers, 1984).60.
5. F.C. Idigo, Aguleri History and Culture, (Enugu: Green Publishing, 1995), 61.
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